Mentsuyu (Soup Base for Noodles)

  • Mentsuyu / Tsuyu (Japanese Noodle Soup Base) | Easy Japanese Recipes at JustOneCookbook.com

    Mentsuyu (めんつゆ), or sometimes called Tsuyu (つゆ), is a Japanese soup base used in soba and udon noodle dishes. It’s made from sake, mirin, soy sauce, kombu, and katsuobushi (dried bonito flakes).

    What is Mentsuyu (Tsuyu) for?

    With umami-packed dashi in the mixture, we use Mentsuyu as a basic sauce or broth for many Japanese dishes such as hot and cold noodles.

    • Hot Noodle Soup – The Mentsuyu is diluted with water, heated up, then poured over boiled noodles to complete a noodle soup dish. This hot noodle soup broth is called Kaketsuyu (かけつゆ).
    • Cold Noodle Dipping Sauce – The Mentsuyu is diluted with water (or sometimes straight up), then serve with chilled noodles.  This dipping sauce is called Tsuketsuyu (つけつゆ).

    Mentsuyu is also used to season Oden, hot pots, donburi rice bowl dishes, and Tempura Dipping Sauce.

    We also use Mentsuyu to replace soy sauce when you want to have a more delicate and full-body flavor. I’ve used it to season Yaki Udon and Japanese-stye pasta.


    Different Types of Tsuyu つゆ

    Mentsuyu / Tsuyu (Japanese Noodle Soup Base) | Easy Japanese Recipes at JustOneCookbook.com

    At Japanese grocery stores, you will encounter many brands and types of Mentsuyu. All the bottles have the Japanese word “つゆ” (Tsuyu), short for Mentsuyu (めんつゆ). Here are some common Tsuyu you will see:

    1. Straight (ストレート) – This type of Mentsuyu bottle has a label “ストレート” in Japanese and it does NOT require to dilute it with water.
    2. 2 x Concentrated (濃縮2倍) – It’s required to dilute the soup base with water depending on what you’re cooking. Sometimes the concentration can be 3 or 4 times.
    3. (Zaru) Soba Tsuyu – This Mentsuyu is made for soba noodles or specific to Zaru Soba (Cold Soba Noodles).
    4. Somen Tsuyu – This Mentsuyu is made for Somen Noodles.

    How to Dilute “Concentrated” Tsuyu

    Mentsuyu / Tsuyu (Japanese Noodle Soup Base) | Easy Japanese Recipes at JustOneCookbook.com

    Each brand has different instructions for diluting the Metsuyu. Find the usage guide on the bottle that looks like this.

    The Ratio of Tsuyu to Water

    • Dipping sauce for cold noodles – “Tsuketsuyu” – 1 : 3
    • Hot noodle soup – “Kaketsuyu” – 1 : 6-8
    • Donburi dishes or Tentsuyu – 1 : 3-4
    • Oden or Nabemono (hot pot) – 1 : 8-10
    • Nimono (simmered food) – 1 : 4-6

    Example for Noodles (Serves 2)

    • Dipping sauce – 1/3 cup Mentsuyu + 1 cup cold water (1:3 ratio)
    • Hot noodle soup – 1/4 cup Mentsuyu + 2 cups water (1:8 ratio)

    Homemade Mentsuyu 

    A mason jar containing Homemade Mentsuyu (Tsuyu) / Japanese Soup Base for Noodles.

    If your local Asian grocery stores don’t carry Mentsuyu, you can make Homemade Mentsuyu from scratch!

    All you need is basic Japanese ingredients such as kombu, dried bonito flakes (katsuobushi), soy sauce, and mirin from Japanese/Asian grocery stores or online.


    Recipes Using Mentsuyu

    Mentsuyu / Tsuyu (Japanese Noodle Soup Base) | Easy Japanese Recipes at JustOneCookbook.com

    Japanese Ingredient Substitution: If you want to look for substitutes for Japanese condiments and ingredients, click here.

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