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Kagoshima Travel Guide

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    Located at the southern tip of Kyushu, Kagoshima is known for its fabulous food and the neighboring active volcano Sakurajima. Explore the city with us as we learn its rich history and visit the beautiful Japanese garden Senganen.

    view of Sakurajima from Sengan-en 仙巌園

    Kagoshima is famous for fabulous food and drinks (shochu), the active volcano Sakurajima, Sengan-en garden, and its rich local history tied to the Satsuma Rebellion. We spent 1 day in Kagoshima after visiting Yakushima and toured the many sites in the city. Ready to join us? Let’s go!

    Where is Kagoshima

    Kagoshima is located on the southern end of Kyushu and the fastest Shinkansen from Tokyo will take almost 7 hours. If you’re traveling from Tokyo, flying is the best option since it takes only 1 hour 40 min flight and the cost is similar to Shinkansen. From Osaka, it’s about 4 hours to Kagoshima on the Shinkansen.

    We arrived in Kagoshima on the hydrofoil from Yakushima (2 hr ride). It was our first time riding on the hydrofoil and quite an interesting experience. Even with choppy waves, the ride was super smooth with the boat going quite fast (50 mph/80 kph).

    Why Go to Kagoshima

    Kagoshima is not a large city but there is plenty to see and do. For a more easygoing trip, plan on a 3-day visit that will allow you to experience majority sites of the city, which includes hiking on Sakurajima. Our 1-day trip was way too short.

    When you are in Kagoshima, you will see and hear the term “Satsuma” (薩摩) quite often. The Kagoshima area prior to Meiji Restoration (around 1868 when the imperial rule was restored in Japan) was long ruled by the Shimazu family for almost 800 years. The area Shimazu ruled was called Satsuma Domain. Therefore, Satsuma is used frequently especially for local food and craft such as Satsuma beef, Satsuma chicken, Satsuma-age, and Satsuma Kiriko.

    Kagoshima Food

    One of the highlights of Kagoshima is its fresh food and regional cuisine, especially its beef, kurobuta (Berkshire pig), and Satsuma chicken. Besides meat, Kagoshima is also famous for eel and many kinds of seafood.

    Kumasotei restaurant in Kagoshima
    Kumasotei Restaurant

    Our ferry arrived around lunchtime so our first stop in Kagoshima is a popular restaurant called Kumasotei (熊襲亭). Kumasotei specializes in signature regional dishes which include kibinago sashimi, chicken tataki, kurobuta shabu shabu, Satsuma-age (deep-fried fish cake), and tonkotsu stewed pork.

    Silver-stripe round herring (kibinago) sashimi
    Silver-stripe round herring (kibinago) sashimi
    chicken tataki at Kumasotei restaurant in Kagoshima
    Chicken tataki (yes, it’s served raw)
    kurobuta pork shabu shabu at Kumasotei restaurant in Kagoshima
    Kurobuta pork shabu shabu
    Kurobuta tonkotsu (stewed pork) at Kumasotei restaurant in Kagoshima
    Tonkotsu (Kogashima’s version of kakuni)

    All the foods were excellent and we were not disappointed. The lunch course set that covers the main dish, sashimi, Satsuma-age, and various side dishes ranged from $20-30 USD.

    Sengan-en 仙巌園

    After lunch, it’s time to burn off some calories and walk around the expansive Japanese garden Sengan-en. Sengan-en was built by the Shimazu family (also written as Shimadzu) in 1658 and offers spectacular views of Sakurajima and Kagoshima Bay. The traditional garden also includes a villa lived by the Shimazu family.

    entrance to Sengan-en 仙巌園
    UNESCO World Heritage Site Sengan-en – Sites of Japan’s Meiji Industrial Revolution: Iron and Steel, Shipbuilding and Coal Mining
    reverberatory furnace at Sengan-en 仙巌園
    Site of the former reverberatory furnace

    Being early adopters of western knowledge, the Shimazu family played an important role in bringing industrial technology to Kagoshima. One such technology was the reverberatory furnace built by Shimazu Nariakira to melt iron.

    Suitenbuchi Power Station Monument at Sengan-en 仙巌園
    The Shimazu family crest is the circle with the cross inside and it can be seen throughout the garden.

    the garden at Sengan-en 仙巌園

    Tin Gate at Sengan-en 仙巌園
    Tin Gate
    Jumping Lion Lantern at Sengan-en 仙巌園
    Jumping Lion Lantern
    view of Sakurajima from Sengan-en 仙巌園
    View of Sakurajima and Kagoshima Bay

    In the north end of the garden is the villa used by the Shimazu family. It was used as a state guest house to receive foreign guests in the 19th and 20th centuries. The house is fairly large and visitors can walk through the halls and see the exhibitions inside.

    Reception Room at The House at Sengan-en 仙巌園
    Reception Room
    rock garden at The House at Sengan-en 仙巌園
    Inner Garden
    Satsuma-ware Vases on display at Sengan-en 仙巌園
    Satsuma-ware Vases

    From Sengan-en, we took a taxi back to central Kagoshima. The driver was very kind and offered to take us to the popular sites within the city so we were able to see quite a bit in a short time.

    Terukuni Shrine 照国神社

    Our next stop is the Terukuni Shrine. One of the most influential leaders in Kagoshima’s history was Nariakira Shimazu 島津 斉彬 (1809-1858). He was responsible for leading the industrialization and modernization efforts in the area, including ironwork, glassmaking, westernized military training, and shipbuilding.

    Terukuni Shrine Kagoshima

    Nariakiria Shimazu was so revered he was enshrined at Terukuni Shrine. A rare honor bestowed by the emperor.

    Terukuni Shrine Kagoshima
    Terukuni Shrine Haiden
    statue of Shimazu Nariakira at Terukuni Jinja
    Statue of Nariakira Shimazu

    Saigo Takamori Statue

    Just a few blocks away from Terukuni Shrine is the large 8-meter statue of Saigo Takamori. Saigo Takamori is a legendary figure in the Kagoshima area and sometimes referred to as the last true samurai.

    There are many stories about Saigo Takamori’s life and many movies (The Last Samurai) and dramas made about him. The short version is that he was a close adviser to Shimazu Nariakira, and a war hero for the imperial government helping take down the ruling Tokugawa shogunate. With his military accolades, he played important roles for the Meiji government including the responsibility to organize the national army and leading the imperial guards as a general.

    giant statue of Saigo Takamori

    Later on in life, Saigo Takamori disagreed with the imperial government’s policies and left to go back to Kagoshima to retire. In early 1877, he came out of retirement and became the leader of the Satsuma Rebellion against the Meiji government. The battles raged on until Sept and he lost his life at the Battle of Shiroyama.

    Besides the statue, other significant Saigo Takamori landmarks include Saigo’s cave, his death place, and his cemetery.

    Saigo’s Cave 西郷隆盛 南洲翁 洞窟

    Not far from the statue, up the hill on Shiroyama are the caves where Saigo spent the last days of his life retreating from the imperial military.

    Saigo's Cave Kagoshima

    Saigo’s Death Place 西郷隆盛終焉の地

    After being hit by bullets during the battle of Shiroyama, Saigo asked his follower to cut off his head subsequent to his warrior’s suicide. Visitors can stop by the landmark today to pay respect.

    Saigo Takamori Deathplace
    Saigo Takamori Deathplace

    Saigo Nanshu Museum and Cemetary 西郷南洲顕彰館

    Lastly, there’s a museum dedicated to Saigo’s life and personal belongings near his cemetery. The cemetery contains Saigo’s remains along with his comrades who lost their lives in the Satsuma Rebellion.

    Saigo Nanshu Museum
    Saigo Nanshu Museum
    Saigo Takamori Tomb
    Saigo Takamori’s Tomb
    Nanshu Park
    Tomb of 2,000 men who died in Satsuma Rebellion

    Shiroyama Park Observation Deck 城山公園展望台

    To take in the view of the city, head up to Shiroyama Park Observation Deck. The observatory has a walking trail for visitors to take in the views of Kagoshima and the surrounding area from 350 feet (107 meters) up.

    Shiroyama Observatory

    view of Kagoshima city from Shiroyama Observatory

    night view of Kagoshima

    Shopping in Kagoshima

    If you are looking to buy souvenirs or gifts on your trip, head over to the Tenmonkan shopping district (天文館). You can find all types of retail shops and restaurants here. Make a quick stop at Yamagataya (山形屋), the famed department store founded in 1751.

    Yamagataya Kagoshima
    Yamagataya department store

    Kagoshima Chuo Station 鹿児島中央駅

    Another area for shopping is right around Kagoshima Chuo station, with many restaurants, shops, and plaza nearby.

    Kagoshima Chuo Station

    Check the Kagoshima Convention and Visitors Bureau website for more ideas.

    Sakurajima 桜島

    We didn’t have a chance to visit Sakurajima during our trip but many visitors stop by this active volcano for a day trip. Visitors can hike and sightsee from various observation points on Sakurajima. The ferry runs frequently between Kagoshima and Sakurajima.

    view of Sakurajima from Sengan-en 仙巌園

    Shiroyama Hotel 城山ホテル鹿児島

    We stayed at Shiroyama Hotel during our visit to the city. The hotel is located on top of Shiroyama and many of the rooms have a great view of the city.

    Shiroyama Hotel Kagoshima

    room at Shiroyama Hotel Kagoshima
    4 Beds!

    Our stay included a kaiseki dinner which was decent, but not superb. We had higher expectations for one of the nicest hotels in Kagoshima.

    dinner at Shiroyama Hotel Kagoshima
    Appetizer at Shiroyama Hotel

    dinner at Shiroyama Hotel Kagoshima

    dinner at Shiroyama Hotel Kagoshima
    Sashimi at Shiroyama Hotel

    However, breakfast at Shiroyama Hotel was one of the best we’ve ever had. There are over 50 items available for the breakfast buffet and the quality was amazing for the incredible selections they offered!

    breakfast pastries at Shiroyama Hotel Kagoshima
    Pastries selection at Shiroyama Hotel
    breakfast at Shiroyama Hotel Kagoshima
    Nami’s Japanese breakfast
    sunrise view of Sakurajima from Shiroyama Hotel Kagoshima
    View of sunrise at Shiroyama Hotel looking at Sakurajima

    We hope you enjoyed the quick tour of Kagoshima. There are so many parts to the city we didn’t get to experience so we hope to go back one day. The next part of our trip we’ll be heading north to see the colorful ceramics in Arita and Imari.

    Kyushu Shinkansen Sakura

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