Chawanmushi (茶碗蒸し) is a savory egg custard dish which served as an appetizer in Japanese restaurants. It literary means ‘steamed in a tea bowl/cup’. Chawan in Japanese means tea bowl or bowl, and -Mushi means steamed.
Typically Chawanmushi includes ginkgo nuts, shiitake mushrooms, kamaboko fish cake and filled with an egg mixture that is flavored with dashi, soy sauce, and mirin.
I often put shrimp in Chawanmushi as it looks pretty when shrimp’s orange/red color peeks from top of the egg custard. My signature recipe for this dish includes ikura (salmon roe) and uni (sea urchin) on top of the Chawanmushi. It’s our favorite way to eat Chawanmushi and I hope you give it a try!
I hope you will enjoy making this Chawanmushi with shrimp recipe! If you try it, don’t forget to share your picture on Instagram, Facebook, or Twitter with #JustOneCookbook. Thank you so much for reading, and till next time!
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- 2 dried shiitake mushrooms
- 3 Tbsp. water
- ½ cup dashi stock
- ½ of one chicken thigh
- 4 shrimp
- 1 Tbsp. sake
- 1 large egg
- 4 cooked ginkgo nuts (optional)
- ½ pkg shimeji mushrooms
- 4 thin slices Kamaboko (Japanese fish cake)
- 4 mitsuba (optional, or scallion/green onion)
- 2 pieces of uni (sea urchin)
- 2 Tbsp. ikura (salmon roe)
- In a small bowl, combine dried shiitake and water. Let it soak for 15 minutes. When shiitake becomes soft, cut each into quarters. Keep the water.
- Put the water from Step 1 into a measuring cup, and then fill with dashi stock until you have ½ cup of liquid.
- Cut chicken into small cubes so that they will be cooked fast. Peel and devein shrimp if necessary. Marinate chicken and shrimp in sake for 15 minutes (sake will get rid of fishy/meaty taste and smell).
- Whisk the egg in a medium bowl. Add Seasonings and dashi stock mixture from Step 2.
- Then strain the mixture through a sieve into another bowl.
- Start boiling water. The amount of water should cover ½ of chawanmushi cup. When boiling, reduce the heat to the lowest heat.
- Divide all the ingredients into 2 cups. I start with chicken, shiitake, ginkgo nuts, and shimeji. Then put kamaboko, shrimp, and mitsuba on top (the colorful ingredients should be near the top of cup).
- Gently pour the egg mixture into the cups to avoid creating bubbles. Instead of covering the ingredients completely with egg, leave some exposed so it will look nicer when cooked. Put the lid on (or cover with aluminum foil tightly if you don’t have chawanmushi cup).
- Place gently inside the hot water (it should NOT be “boiling”) and cover the pot’s lid. Cook for 25-30 minutes on the lowest heat. If you are not adding shrimp and/or chicken, the cooking time should only be 15-20 minutes. Insert a skewer in the center of the cup to check if the egg is done.
- Serve warm with uni and ikura on the side (optional). Place them on top right before you eat.