Chikuzenni is a dish with chicken and vegetables simmered in flavorful dashi, mirin, and soy sauce. It’s one of the Osechi Ryori (Japanese traditional food) served on New Year’s Day.
Chikuzenni (筑前煮) or Nishime (煮しめ) is a classic Japanese dish often served on New Year’s Day. This dish is made of root vegetables and chicken that are simmered in dashi, soy sauce, and mirin.
My mom used to make it quite regularly because it was my family’s favorite type of simmered dishes. This is also a popular side dish for bento because it can be made in advance and still tastes great at room temperature.
Chikuzenni was named after the old Chikuzen Province in Northern Kyushu (it’s part of today’s Fukuoka Prefecture) and this dish was originated there; however, it’s now enjoyed throughout Japan.
Typically chicken and root vegetables are sautéd in oil first, then they are simmered in umami-rich dashi broth and seasonings until ingredients are tender and all the flavors are absorbed.
Decorative Shapes on Ingredients
For New Year’s dish, the vegetables and konnyaku are cut into fancy shapes to celebrate the occasion but for daily use or bento, you can simply cut them into small pieces using a Japanese cutting technique called “Rangiri“.
Rangiri style cutting is to roll the vegetable a quarter (¼) turn, cut on an angle, and then roll again another quarter (¼) turn, cut on an angle and continue. This cutting technique is useful for Japanese Nimono dishes.
Cook Faster: Pressure Cooker (Instant Pot) Nishime
If you want to speed up the process, you can use a pressure cooker (I used my Instant Pot) to make Chikuzenni or Nishime. You can click here for the recipe.
Hope you enjoy this dish with your family!
Chikuzenni / Nishime (Simmered Chicken and Vegetables)
- 6 dried shiitake mushrooms (1 oz, 30 g)
- 1 cup water (for rehydrating dried shiitake mushrooms)
- ¾ lb boneless, skinless chicken thighs
- ½ Tbsp sake (for marinating chicken)
- ½ Tbsp soy sauce (for marinating chicken)
- 1 lotus root (renkon) (6 oz, 180 g)
- ½ gobo (burdock root) (4 oz, 110 g)
- 1 Tbsp rice vinegar (separated; for soaking lotus root and gobo)
- 5 taro (satoimo) (9 oz, 250 g)
- ½ boiled bamboo shoot (3 oz, 90 g)
- 1 carrot (6 oz, 170 g)
- ½ block konnyaku (konjac) (4.5 oz, 130 g)
- 10 snow peas (1 oz, 30 g)
- ⅛ tsp kosher/sea salt (I use Diamond Crystal; use half for table salt) (for blanching snow peas)
- 1 ½ Tbsp sesame oil (roasted) (separated)
- Gather all the ingredients.
To Prepare Ingredients
★ Dried Shiitake Mushrooms
- In a small bowl, put dried shiitake mushrooms and 1 cup water and soak for 20-30 minutes, or until tender.
- After 30 minutes or so, squeeze the liquid out from the shiitake mushrooms.
- Cut the shiitake mushrooms into a hexagon, which represents turtle shape for longevity.
- Strain the liquid through a fine-mesh sieve. This is called shiitake dashi. It yields roughly ¾ cup.
- Remove extra fat of the chicken and cut into 1 ½ inch (3.8 cm) pieces.
- Transfer the chicken in a medium bowl and add ½ Tbsp sake and ½ Tbsp soy sauce. Coat the chicken with the marinade and set aside.
★ Burdock Root (Gobo)
- Scrape the skin off the burdock root with the back of the knife. After rinsing, cut it into thin slices.
- Prepare a bowl of 2 cups water and ½ Tbsp vinegar. Soak the burdock root in the water for 15 minutes.
★ Japanese Taro Roots (Satoimo)
- Cut off the ends of taro. Then peel from one end to the other.
- Ideally, taro should be a hexagon (6 sides) from the side view.
- Cut the taro in half and soak in water. You can rub them with salt to get rid of the sliminess if that bothers you.
★ Bamboo Shoot
- Cut the bamboo shoot into quarters lengthwise.
- Cut the bamboo shoot in half widthwise. If each piece is still bigger than bite-size, you can cut in half.
★ Lotus Roots (Renkon)
- Cut the lotus root into Hana Renkon.
- The lotus root should resemble flowers after cutting the edges off.
- Cut them into ⅛ inch (3 mm) slices. Prepare a bowl of 2 cups water and ½ Tbsp vinegar. Soak the lotus root in the water for 15 minutes.
★ Carrot (Nejiri Ume)
- Peel the carrot and cut into ½ inch (1.3 cm) pieces.
- Use a flower-shaped vegetable cutter and cut out each piece into a flower shape. Then make a shallow (roughly ¼ inch or 6 mm deep) incision from the center of the flower to in-between the two petals.
- Hold a knife parallel to one petal and make a diagonal cut from right to left in-between petals.
- This is called Nejiri Ume.
- Cut konnyaku into ¼ inch (6 mm) slices and then make a 1 ½ inch (3.8 cm) incision in the middle.
- Put one end of konnyaku into the hole in the middle and pull it out. This is called Tazuna Konnyaku.
★ Snow Peas
- Pull the strings at the seams of the snow peas and discard them. These are tough and not edible.
To Blanch Vegetables and Konnyaku
- Boil water in a saucepan and blanch half of the flower carrot for 2 minutes and set aside.
- Add a pinch of salt and blanch the snow pea pods for 30-60 seconds, until crisp but tender enough to eat.
- Remove the snow peas from the water and transfer to the ice water to stop cooking and set aside.
- In the same boiling water, add konnyaku. After boiling again, cook for 2-3 minutes to remove the smell.
- Diagonally cut the blanched snow peas in half and set aside.
To Make Chikuzenni
- In the large pot, heat 1 Tbsp of sesame oil over medium heat. When it’s hot, add the chicken.
- Cook the chicken until it turns white. Transfer the chicken to a plate.
- Add ½ Tbsp sesame oil and cook all the ingredients except the blanched snow peas and carrots reserved for decoration.
- Stir and coat the ingredients with sesame oil.
- Add dashi and shiitake dashi.
- Bring it to a simmer over medium heat. Skim off the fat and scum that accumulates on the surface.
- Add sake, mirin, sugar, soy sauce, and salt.
- Add the chicken back into the pot. Bring it to a simmer. As you see, the stock should cover about 80% of the ingredients.
- Put an otoshibuta (drop lid) on the ingredients and cook for 10 minutes. If you don't have one, you can make an Otoshibuta with aluminum foil.
- Remove Otoshibuta and cook for another 10 minutes.
- Insert a bamboo skewer into tough vegetables (taro root and lotus root) and see if they are tender. Taste and adjust seasonings if needed.
- Add the snow peas and remove from the heat. Cover, and let cool. Serve Chikuzenni in a serving dish or Osechi box. Top with the snow peas and blanched flower shaped carrots.
- Keep the leftovers in an airtight container and store it in the refrigerator for up to 5 days. The flavor will intensify as time passes, so if you plan to serve it later, you may consider reducing the amount of seasoning. Nishime also freezes well, but konnyaku texture will change, so I recommend removing them before storing. Defrost overnight and reheat in a pot.
Editor’s Note: This post was originally published on December 26, 2012. The post has been updated with new images in 2019 and republished in December 2020.