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Homemade Chicken Stock

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  • Homemade chicken stock/broth slowly cooked with ginger, green onion, and garlic. The stock with gingery fragrance gives nice flavors to many Asian dishes and soups you make at home!

    Homemade Chicken Stock in jars.

    In Asian cooking, we use chicken stock to make soups, noodle soups, hot pot, sauces, and many other dishes. It’s important to note the flavor profile of Asian chicken stock is very different from western one and they shouldn’t be used as a substitute.

    Asian Chicken Stock vs. Western Chicken Stock

    How is the chicken stock used in Asian cooking different from western chicken stock? While western chicken stock includes celery, carrot, parsley and herbs, Asian chicken stock is rather simple. We only use chicken bones, ginger, green onion, and garlic (optional).

    Western chicken broth has stronger flavor components with all the additional vegetables, and it tastes really delicious for soups and stews. However, the flavor profile doesn’t work for wonton soup, ramen, hot pot, and so on.

    Store Bought or Homemade Chicken Stock

    We don’t always have homemade chicken stock ready for use in the refrigerator or freezer, and sometimes there is no time to make chicken stock from scratch.

    In those occasions, I use a can of Asian chicken stock. You can find these at many Asian grocery stores.

    Chicken Broth Can on the table.

    The store-bought chicken stock can be too salty, so make sure to dilute with water in a ratio of 2 parts broth to 1 part water (4 cups broth: 2 cups water) as a good starting point. You can always adjust the flavor to your liking by tasting the broth.

    Homemade Chicken Stock

    There are probably several (if not many) ways to make chicken broth, as each family has their own version. This is how I make my chicken stock.

    Chicken Stock in glass jars.

    Fun Fact: It’s actually not common to make chicken stock from scratch in Japan because it’s not easy to find chicken bones or whole chicken at local Japanese grocery stores. Therefore the Japanese use the Chuka Dashi Powder (中華だし) to make Asian (especially Chinese) cooking.

    Three kind of Chuka Dashi on a table.

    If you want to learn more about Chuka Dashi, please read this post.

    5 from 3 votes
    Chicken Stock | Easy Japanese Recipes at JustOneCookbook.com
    Homemade Chicken Stock
    Prep Time
    15 mins
    Cook Time
    5 hrs
    Total Time
    5 hrs 15 mins
     
    Homemade chicken stock/broth slowly cooked with ginger, green onion, and garlic.  The stock with gingery fragrance gives nice flavors to many Asian dishes and soups you make at home!
    Course: Condiments
    Cuisine: Japanese
    Keyword: chicken broth, soup stock
    Servings: 12 cups
    Ingredients
    • 4 lb chicken backs and necks (1.8 kg = 8 pieces)
    • water (for prepping chicken bones)
    • 2 inches ginger (5 cm)
    • 3 green onions/scallions (See Notes)
    • 1 clove garlic
    • 17 cups water (4 L, 4.25 QT)
    Instructions
    1. Gather all the ingredients.  If you're using frozen chicken, make sure that it's completely defrosted.  

      Chicken Stock Ingredients
    2. Rinse the chicken quickly and soak in cold water for 30 minutes.  Replace the water several times.  This helps removing blood.

      Chicken Stock 1
    3. Slice the ginger (keep the skin on), cut the green onions in halves, and smash the garlic.

      Chicken Stock 2
    4. In a stock pot, bring water to boil.  Add the chicken and cook for just 20 seconds.  Immediately drain.

      Chicken Stock 3
    5. Under cold running water, clean the chicken bones very well.  Use your thumbs to go in and remove any blood or offal that might be attached.  

      Chicken Stock 4
    6. Chop the bones into 2" (5 cm) pieces.  This helps flavors come out better from bones.

      knife Chop the bones into 2" (5 cm) pieces on wood cutting board
    7. Place the clean chicken and 17 cups (4 L) cold water in a stock pot.  Bring to boil over high heat.  Prepare a fine mesh skimmer and water in a 2-cup measuring cup for cleaning the skimmer (this a helpful trick).

      Chicken Stock 6
    8. Once boiling, immediately reduce heat to bring the stock to barely a simmer.  If you boil on high heat, the stock will be cloudy. Next 15 minutes or so, skim the scum and foam on the surface with a fine mesh skimmer.  It's tedious work but it helps make better stock. 

      Chicken Stock 7
    9. Once the stock is clean and nothing to skim, you can now add ginger, green onion, and garlic. 

      ginger, green onion, and garlic added into a pot of chicken stock
    10. Continue to cook for 3-6 hours (or you can pressure cook for 40-45 minutes). This time I was running out of time so I cooked for 2.5 hours but it still tasted amazing.

      Chicken Stock 9-2
    11. Pick up bones and other solids with a skimmer or slotted spoon.  Then pour the chicken stock into a fine mesh sieve over a large bowl.

      picking up bones and other solids with a skimmer or slotted spoon from a metal pot
    12. The chicken stock is ready to use.  Season with kosher salt as you like.  For later use, divide the stock into mason jars and allow to cool uncovered.  Keep the oil on top and once the oil is solidified, you can decide to use it for cooking or discard it.  

      Chicken Stock 11
    To Store
    1. The stock will last up to a week in the refrigerator or in the freezer for several months. Just be sure to leave enough headspace (2 inches) for the stock to expand.

    Recipe Notes

    Green onions/scallions: I used 2 Tokyo negi (long and thick green onion) & 2 green onions this time.  I think the green part was too much.  The stock tastes fine but lacks the golden color.  I'd recommend to stick with my recipe, 3 green onions.

     

    Recipe by Namiko Chen of Just One Cookbook. All images and content on this site are copyright protected. Please do not use my images without my permission. If you’d like to share this recipe on your site, please re-write the recipe in your own words and link to this post as the original source. Thank you.

    Just One Cookbook is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This post may contain affiliate sales links, please see privacy policy for details.

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