Spring rolls (or often called egg rolls and used interchangeably) is a dish found in East Asian and Southeast Asian cuisine. Savory filling wrapped in flour-based pastry sheet and deep fried till the outer shell is crispy and golden brown. We call this dish “Harumaki (春巻き)” in Japan, direct translation of “spring rolls” in Japanese. Harumaki were originally introduced to Japan by the Chinese and adapted for Japanese tastes.
Typical ingredients for harumaki (Japanese spring rolls) include some type of meat (pork, shrimp, etc), carrot, shiitake mushrooms, bamboo shoot, etc. Each family makes them slightly different, and today I’ll show how I make my tasty harumaki. I learned my recipe from my mom using 10 ingredients for the filling.
Her signature harumaki includes three types of protein – shrimp, ground pork, and chicken tender. However, ingredients for spring rolls are really up to your preference. You don’t have to include all 1o ingredients that I used. You can pick a couple of your favorites or experiment with fresh seasonal ingredients.
The only difference between my mom’s and my harumaki is that my mom’s harumaki is wider, one and half times wider than mine. Growing up, I had trouble picking up harumaki with chopsticks to eat them so I made my harumaki size similar to typical Chinese spring rolls size.
Depends on the filling, you may want to change the dipping sauce, but typical Japanese harumaki is served with the combination of soy sauce and rice vinegar and you can also add Japanese karashi mustard.
Today’s recipe has many steps, so hopefully my recipe video below will help you guide through how to make this delicious dish. There are many steps and ingredients involved but it’s not hard.
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- 4 dried shiitake mushrooms (0.5 oz, 13 g)
- ¼ cup water to soak dried shiitake mushrooms
- 4 medium size shrimps (2.5 oz, 70 g)
- 2 chicken tenders (2 oz, 55 g)
- ¼ lb (115 g) ground pork
- 1 block of vermicelli (1.5 oz, 43 g) )
- ½ boiled bamboo shoot (7 oz, 200 g)
- 1 inch ginger
- White part of 1 Tokyo negi (long white onion) (0.8 oz, 23 g)
- A few Chinese chives (0.3 oz, 8 g)
- 3 inch carrot (13. 2 oz, 90 g)
- Handful bean sprout (2.5 oz, 70 g)
- 1 Tbsp. sesame oil
- 10 Harumaki wrappers
- 2 tsp. soy sauce
- 2 tsp. sake
- 2 tsp. potato/corn starch
- Shiitake dashi (about ¼ cup from soaking dried shiitake)
- 2 Tbsp. soy sauce
- 1 tsp. salt
- Freshly ground black pepper
- 2 Tbsp. potato/corn starch
- 2 Tbsp. water
- 2 Tbsp. all-purpose flour
- 2 Tbsp. water
- Soy sauce
- Rice vinegar
- Japanese karashi mustard
- Soak dried mushrooms in ¼ cup water to re-hydrate, about 15 minutes.
- Cut shrimp and chicken tender into small pieces. Mix the ingredients for marinade in a medium bowl. Add the shrimp, chicken, and pork in the bowl and mix well. Set aside to marinade.
- Cook the vermicelli in a boiling water for 2-3 minutes. Drain well and cut into 1 inch length.
- Cut the bamboo, ginger, dried mushrooms, Tokyo negi, Chinese chives, and carrots into long strips (2 inch julienned pieces). Wash the bean sprout and drain well.
- To make harumaki filling, heat sesame oil and ginger over medium high heat in a large frying pan. Once fragrant, add the shrimp/chicken/pork and stir fry until no longer pink.
- Add bamboo shoot and carrot and stir fry until coated with oil and slightly tender. Add the bean sprout, Tokyo negi, Chinese chives, and dried mushrooms and stir fry, then add vermicelli.
- Add the ingredients for Seasonings and mix well.
- Combine potato/corn starch with water in a small bowl.
- After a quick stir, pour the potato starch mixture into the harumaki filling and mix well. Transfer the filling from the pan to a baking sheet or plate. Let it cool and evaporate the moisture. You want to make sure there is no liquid in the filling when you wrap the filling in harumaki wrappers. Otherwise, while deep frying, the water may come out and explode harumaki.
- Slowly peel each harumaki wrapper one at a time and keep them plastic wrap or a damp kitchen towel to prevent from drying up while you work.
- To make harumaki, lay the harumaki wrapper with a corner pointed towards you (diamond shape). Place the filling neatly just below the center of the wrapper. I use an ice cream scooper to transfer the filling so the amount of filling for each wrapper is somewhat standardized. Start folding the bottom corner over the filling towards the top and tuck under the filling nice and tight.
- Roll the wrapper once to cover the filling, and fold the right and left corners of the wrapper in. They should overlap each other a little bit. Then roll toward the remaining corner. When you start rolling upward, the wrapper may flair out. Make sure both sides of the wrapper to taper inwards.
- Using your finger, put good amount of flour + water paste on the top corner. Then roll and press firmly to seal. Continue with remaining wrappers.
- Once you finish wrapping, start deep frying immediately before the wrapper gets soggy. Deep fry the harumaki in a deep fryer/wok/pot with 170°C (338°F) vegetable oil until light golden brown and crisp, about 5 minutes. Drain the excess oil over a wire rack or paper towel.
- If you prefer to bake, preheat the oven to 200°C (400°F). Arrange the harumaki in a single layer on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Brush the tops of the rolls with vegetable oil then bake them for 10 to 12 minutes, rotating after 6 minutes, until they're golden brown and crispy.
- Make a dipping sauce with soy sauce, rice vinegar, and Japanese karashi mustard as you like and serve with harumaki.
Recipe by Namiko Chen of Just One Cookbook. All images and content on this site are copyright protected. Please do not use my images without my permission. If you’d like to share this recipe on your site, please re-write the recipe and link to this post as the original source. Thank you.